Author(s): Morimoto Y, Yoshioka A, Sugimoto M, Imai Y, Kirita T
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To develop plans for the haemostatic management of intraoral bleeding in patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven episodes of haemostatic management of intraoral bleeding in 19 VWD patients were analysed retrospectively based on the medical records. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: When performing tooth extractions in patients with type 1 or 2A VWD [responsive to 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin (DDAVP)], 0.35-0.4 microg kg(-1) of DDAVP should be administered intravenously at three times. In patients with type 2A VWD (unresponsive to DDAVP) or patients with type 2B or 2N VWD, 50-90 U [as ristocetin cofactor (VWF:RCof)] kg(-1) of a factor VIII concentrate containing von Willebrand factor (FVIII/VWF concentrate) should be administered twice in routine extractions, and four to six times in surgical extractions. Gingival bleeding related to primary teeth can be mostly managed by pressure haemostasis alone. However, when treating gingival bleeding caused by marginal periodontitis, it is often necessary to administer 0.4 microg kg(-1) of DDAVP or 40-70 U (as VWF:RCof) kg(-1) of a FVIII/VWF concentrate. As local haemostasis is difficult to achieve in bleeding from the tongue or labial or mandibular haematoma, it is necessary to administer 0.4 microg kg(-1) of DDAVP or 60-80 U (as VWF:RCof) kg(-1) of a FVIII/VWF concentrate. In addition, oral administration of 20 mg kg(-1) day(-1) of tranexamic acid should be combined with the regimens described above.
This article was published in Oral Dis
and referenced in Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods