Author(s): Arlt M, Philipp A, Voelkel S, Camboni D, Rupprecht L,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Cardiogenic shock is associated with mortality rates up to 70\%, even if patients are treated with intensive care support or thrombolytic therapy. Early coronary revascularisation can be life-saving but it is oftentimes not available at the hospital to which the patient was initially taken. Up to now, transferring patients in a state of severe cardiogenic shock and/or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is mostly decided to be impossible. We report on the use of two newly developed minimised systems for hand-held-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (ELS-System™ and CARDIOHELP™, both from MAQUET Cardiopulmonary AG, Germany), which we have used for rapid extracorporeal life support and interhospital transfer on Mini-ECMO. We characterise the emergency use, safety instructions and bridging function of these novel Mini-ECMO devices. METHODS: Between June 2007 and August 2010, we administered percutaneous Mini-ECMO support to 21 adult cardiogenic shock patients. The main components of each Mini-ECMO system are a centrifugal pump and a membrane oxygenator. The systems can act independently from wall connection points, and are they are small enough to be attached nearby a patient's side during transport. RESULTS: On ECMO, gas exchange improved significantly, vasopressor support could be significantly marked down and signs of shock disappeared in all patients. Emergency medical service was carried out in re-established blood-flow and oxygen delivery. The patients were bridged to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n = 6), ventricular assist device (n = 1) or pulmonary embolectomy (n=1) or specialised intensive care (n=13). Thirteen patients (62\%) had completely recovered. CONCLUSIONS: The use of hand-held Mini-ECMO systems enables for the first time the rapid onset of extracorporeal life support independent from the patient's current location. However, success is extremely time- and team dependent. Highly skilled interdisciplinary patient management is essential to let minimised-ECMO become a new and highly effective bridge to recovery in out-of-centre cardiogenic shock patients. Copyright © 2011 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
and referenced in Surgery: Current Research