Author(s): ZerradSaadi A, Therond P, Chantepie S, Couturier M, Rye KA,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Small dense HDL3 particles of defined lipidome and proteome potently protect atherogenic LDL against free radical-induced oxidation; the molecular determinants of such antioxidative activity in these atheroprotective, antiinflammatory particles remain indeterminate. METHODS AND RESULTS: Formation of redox-active phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides (PCOOH) and redox-inactive phosphatidylcholine hydroxides (PCOH) was initiated in LDL by free radical-induced oxidation. Human HDL3 inactivated LDL-derived PCOOH (-62\%, P<0.01) and enhanced accumulation of PCOH (2.1-fold, P<0.05); in parallel, HDL3 accumulated minor amounts of PCOOH. Enzyme-deficient reconstituted dense HDL potently inactivated PCOOH (-43\%, P<0.01). HDL3-mediated reduction of PCOOH to PCOH occurred concomitantly with oxidation of methionine residues in HDL3-apolipoprotein AI (apoAI). Preoxidation of methionine residues by chloramine T markedly attenuated PCOOH inactivation (-35\%); by contrast, inhibition of HDL3-associated enzymes was without effect. PCOOH transfer rates from oxidized LDL to phospholipid liposomes progressively decreased with increment in the rigidity of the phospholipid monolayer. CONCLUSIONS: The redox status of apoAI and surface lipid rigidity represent major determinants of the potent HDL3-mediated protection of LDL against free radical-induced oxidation. Initial transfer of PCOOH to HDL3 is modulated by the surface rigidity of HDL3 particles with subsequent reduction of PCOOH to PCOH by methionine residues of apoAI.
This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics