alexa Head and neck cancer in a young age group: high incidence in black patients.


Cosmetology & Oro Facial Surgery

Author(s): Slotman GJ, Swaminathan AP, Rush BF Jr

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Abstract From the Tumor Registries of the East Orange, New Jersey, Veterans Administration Medical Center, and the College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey/New Jersey Medical School, 1,066 cases of head and neck cancer were reviewed. Blacks comprised 32\% of the population reviewed. Charts of 70 patients, 45 years old or younger, were examined. Seventy percent of this group was black. At diagnosis, the proportion of patients 45 years old or younger was 14\% for blacks and 2.9\% for whites, a significant difference (P less than 0.001). Seventy-six percent of lesions in black patients and 86\% in white patients were situated above the hypopharynx. Sixty-one percent of all patients 45 years old or younger had Stage III or IV lesions when first diagnosed, regardless of race. Black-to-white survival rates were 23 to 40\% after 2 years, and 5 to 13\% for those at risk after 5 years. Prognosis is poor for younger patients, in general, and worse for young black patients than for whites.
This article was published in Head Neck Surg and referenced in Cosmetology & Oro Facial Surgery

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