Author(s): Franco P, Numico G, Migliaccio F, Catuzzo P, Cante D,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Non-sinonasal neuroendocrine carcinomas (NSNECs) of the head and neck are considered an unfrequent clinico-pathological entity. Combined modality treatment represents an established therapeutic option for undifferentiated forms where distant metastasis is a common pattern of failure. METHODS: We report on a case of NSNEC treated with sequential chemo-radiation consisting of 6 cycles of cisplatin and etoposide followed by loco-regional radiation to the head and neck and simultaneous prophylactic cranial irradiation to prevent from intracranial spread, delivered with helical tomotherapy with the 'hippocampal avoidance' technique in order to reduce neuro-cognitive late effects. RESULTS: One year after the end of the whole combined modality approach, the patient achieved complete remission, with no treatment-related sub-acute and late effects. CONCLUSIONS: The present report highlights the importance of multidisciplinary management for NSNECs of the head and neck, as the possibility to achieve substantial cure rates with mild side effects with modern radiotherapy techniques.
This article was published in Radiat Oncol
and referenced in Atherosclerosis: Open Access