alexa Healing the diabetic heart: does myocardial preconditioning work
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Balakumar P, Sharma NK

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Diabetes mellitus-associated ischemic heart disease is a major public burden in industrialized countries. Reperfusion to a previously ischemic myocardium is obligatory to reinstate its function prior to irreversible damage. However, reperfusion is considered 'a double-edged sword' as reperfusion per se could augment myocardial ischemic damage, known as myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The brief and repeated cycles of I/R given before a sustained ischemia and reperfusion are represented as ischemic preconditioning, which protects the heart from lethal I/R injury. Few studies have demonstrated preconditioning-mediated cardioprotection in the diabetic heart. In contrast, considerable number of studies suggests that myocardial defensive effects of preconditioning are abolished in the presence of chronic diabetes mellitus that raised questions over preconditioning effects in the diabetic heart. It is evidenced that chronic diabetes mellitus-associated deficit in survival pathways, impaired function of mito-K(ATP) channels, MPTP opening and high oxidative stress play key roles in paradoxically suppressed cardioprotective effects of preconditioning in the diabetic heart. These controversial results open up a new area of research to identify potential mechanisms influencing disparities on preconditioning effects in diabetic hearts. In this review, we discussed first the discrepancies on the modulatory role of diabetes mellitus in I/R-induced myocardial injury. Following this, we addressed whether preconditioning could protect the diabetic heart against I/R-induced myocardial injury. Moreover, potential mechanisms pertaining to the attenuated cardioprotective effects of preconditioning in the diabetic heart have been delineated. These are important to be understood for better exploitation of preconditioning strategies in limiting I/R-induced myocardial injury in the diabetic heart.

This article was published in Cell Signal and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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