alexa Heart mitochondria: gates of life and death.


Autism-Open Access

Author(s): Gustafsson AB, Gottlieb RA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Mitochondria are important generators of energy, providing ATP through oxidative phosphorylation. However, mitochondria also monitor complex information from the environment and intracellular milieu, including the presence or absence of growth factors, oxygen, reactive oxygen species, and DNA damage. Mitochondria have been implicated in the loss of cells in various cardiac pathologies, including ischaemia/reperfusion injury, cardiomyopathy, and congestive heart failure. The release of factors such as cytochrome c, Smac, Omi/Htr2A, and AIF from mitochondria serves to activate a highly complex and regulated cell death program. Furthermore, mitochondrial calcium overload might trigger opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, causing uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation, swelling of the mitochondria due to influx of water, and rupture of the mitochondrial outer membrane. In this review, we discuss the role of mitochondria in the control of cell death in cardiac myocytes. This article was published in Cardiovasc Res and referenced in Autism-Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd International Conference on Autism
    Aug 21-22, 2017 Los Angeles, USA
  • 3rd International Conference on Epilepsy and Treatment
    September 01-17 Brussels, Belgium

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version