Author(s): van den Berg J, Neely G, Wiklund U, Landstrm U
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Abstract The possibility of using heart rate variability (HRV) as an indicator of sleepiness was investigated by analysing heart rate (HR) activity and electroencephalography (EEG) recordings from 10 individuals who performed a monotonous attention task for 120 min in both sleep-deprived and rested states. In both conditions, measurements were collected during 60 min of sleep immediately following a 120 min of non-sleep (awake phase). Although HR decreased significantly in both the rested and the sleep-deprived states during the awake phase, HR significantly changed sooner when subjects were sleep-deprived than when they were rested. No significant changes in HRV were found during the awake phase; however, HRV correlated significantly with alpha and theta power densities when rested but not when sleep-deprived. During the sleep phase, the total HRV and very low and low frequency HRV components significantly decreased approximately 40 min after sleeping in the sleep-deprived condition. These HRV components were also significantly and negatively correlated with delta power densities. HRV does not seem to be a viable indicator of sleepiness; however, HRV may be useful for determining sleep stages.
This article was published in Clin Physiol Funct Imaging
and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics