Author(s): Osmark P, Cedervall T, Pieters K, Akerstrm B
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Abstract A tremendous increase has taken place over the last decades in the biochemical and clinical use of antibodies. Unfortunately, the constantly growing demand has not been matched by a corresponding easy access to pure immunoglobulin, as purification procedures tend to be either laborious, expensive, or inefficient. We present a new and simplified method to obtain pure antibody based on the special thermal properties of the streptococcal M proteins, a family of cell-surface exposed coiled-coil molecules which bind different sets of host plasma proteins. The coiled-coil structure is already destabilized at low temperatures and the M proteins unfold reversibly, usually below 40 degrees C. We demonstrate the use of this property to purify immunoglobulin G from rabbit serum with protein H from the AP1 strain of Streptococcus pyogenes. Recombinant protein H is linked to nickel-agarose via a C-terminal histidine tag. After mixing with rabbit serum and washing at room temperature, pure IgG can be eluted from the gel with a moderately heated buffer. In this case, protein H has been used to purify rabbit IgG, but the principle should be applicable to other M protein-ligand pairs.
This article was published in Protein Expr Purif
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy