Author(s): Bernabucci U, Basiric L, Morera P, Lacetera N, Ronchi B,
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Abstract Studies have demonstrated that heat shock is associated with alteration in energy metabolism. In this study, we investigated the effect of heat shock on gene expression and secretion of adiponectin and leptin, and gene expression of Hspa2 and Ppargamma in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Compared with 37 degrees C, adiponectin mRNA was higher at 39 degrees C, and lower at 41 degrees C. Leptin mRNA was higher when adipocytes were exposed to 41 degrees C compared with 37 and 39 degrees C. Secretion of adiponectin increased at 39 degrees C, and when cells were exposed to 41 degrees C it was not detectable. Leptin secretion increased significantly at 41 degrees C, compared with 37 and 39 degrees C. Hspa2 mRNA was increased at 39 degrees C, and the highest level was reached at 41 degrees C. Ppargamma mRNA exhibited a substantial increase in a temperature-dependent manner. The study provides the first evidence of a possible direct effect of heat shock on adiponectin and leptin gene expression and secretion, and demonstrates that the expression of the two adipokines is differentially regulated at the temperatures tested.
This article was published in J Mol Endocrinol
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences