alexa Heat shock protein 90 inhibitors attenuate LPS-induced endothelial hyperpermeability


Medical & Surgical Urology

Author(s): Chatterjee A

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Endothelial hyperperme ability leading to vascular leak is an important consequence of sepsis and sepsis-induced lung injury. We previously reported that heat shock protein (hsp) 90 inhibitor pretreatment improved pulmonary barrier dysfunction in a murine model of sepsis-induced lung injury. We now examine the effects of hsp90 inhibitors on LPS-mediated endothelial hyperpermeability, as reflected in changes in transendothelial electrical resistance (TER) of bovine pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (BPAEC). Vehicle-pretreated cells exposed to endotoxin exhibited a concentration-dependent decrease in TER, activation of pp60(Src), phosphorylation of the focal adhesion protein paxillin, and reduced expression of the adherens junction proteins, vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin and beta-catenin. Pretreatment with the hsp90 inhibitor, radicicol, prevented the decrease in TER, maintained VE-cadherin and beta-catenin expression, and inhibited activation of pp60(Src) and phosphorylation of paxillin. Similarly, when BPAEC hyperpermeability was induced by endotoxin-activated neutrophils, pretreatment of neutrophils and/or endothelial cells with radicicol protected against the activated neutrophil-induced decrease in TER. Increased paxillin phosphorylation and decreased expression of beta-catenin and VE-cadherin were also observed in mouse lungs 12 h after intraperitoneal endotoxin and attenuated in mice pretreated with radicicol. These results suggest that hsp90 plays an important role in sepsis-associated endothelial barrier dysfunction.

This article was published in Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology

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