Author(s): Cardillo MR, Sale P, Di Silverio F
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Abstract The progression of transitional-cell carcinomas of the bladder is associated with changes in general and local immune status. To understand the factors involved in the progression of transitional cell carcinoma and in the maintenance of an efficient anti-tumoural response, in this study we investigated by immunohistochemistry expression of HSP-90, IL-6 and IL-10 proteins in 56 surgical specimens obtained from superficial and deeply invasive bladder carcinomas. Of the 56 bladder carcinoma 52 (92.9\%) expressed HSP-90, 48 (85.7\%) IL-6 and 45 (80.3\%) IL-10. High-grade and muscle-invasive tumours contained significantly higher levels of HSP-90 and IL-6 antibodies than low-grade and superficial tumours (p < 0.05). Linear regression showed a significant correlation between HSP-90 and IL-10 (p = 0.022) but not between HSP-90 and IL-6, or IL-6 and IL-10 expression. The variable quantities of HSP-90, IL-6 and IL-10 in the high-grade bladder carcinomas studied suggest that these proteins have independent functional roles and may be the immunogenic targets for an anti-tumoural response.
This article was published in Anticancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology