alexa Heavy metal ions inhibition of jack bean urease: potential for rapid contaminant probing.


Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering

Author(s): Zaborska W, Krajewska B, Olech Z

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Abstract The kinetics of heavy metal ions inhibition of jack bean urease was studied by progress curve analysis in a reaction system without enzyme-inhibitor preincubation. The inhibition was found to be biphasic with an initial, small inhibitory phase changing over the time course of 5-10 min into a final linear steady state with a lower velocity. This time-dependent pattern was best described by mechanism B of slow-binding inhibition, involving the rapid formation of an EI complex that subsequently undergoes slow conversion to a more stable EI* complex. The kinetic parameters of the process, the inhibition constants Ki and Ki* and the forward k5 and reverse k6 rate constants for the conversion, were evaluated from the reaction progress curves by nonlinear regression treatment. Based on the values of the overall inhibition constant Ki*, the heavy metal ions were found to inhibit urease in the following decreasing order: Hg2+ > Cu2+ > Zn2+ > Cd2+ > Ni2+ > Pb2+ > Co2+ > Fe3+ > As3+. With the Ki* values as low as 1.9 nM for Hg2+ and 7.1 nM for Cu2+, 100-1000 times lower than those of the other ions, urease may be utilized as a bioindicator of the trace levels of these ions in environmental monitoring, bioprocess control or pharmaceutical analysis. This article was published in J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem and referenced in Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering

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