Author(s): Yan G, Viraraghavan T
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Abstract Biosorption of lead, cadmium, nickel and zinc by live and dead Mucor rouxii biomass treated with NaOH was studied over a range of pH. In the case of dead biomass, low pH resulted in a decrease in the biosorption capacity. At pH 3.0 or less, the inhibition of biosorption of metal ions took place. At pH 4.0 or higher, the biosorption of metal ions increased sharply. Ho's pseudo-second-order model described the biosorption kinetics better than the Lagergren model. Live biomass had high biosorption capacity, i.e. 35.69, 11.09, 8.46 and 7.75 mg/g at pH 5.0 for Pb(2+), Ni(2+), Cd(2+) and Zn(2+), respectively. The dead biomass adsorbed metal ions in the order of Pb(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+) and Ni(2+), with the biosorption capability of 25.22, 16.62, 8.36 and 6.34 mg/g at pH 5.0, respectively. At pH 6.0, the capacity of the dead biomass increased to 53.75, 53.85, 20.31 and 20.49 mg/g, respectively. For bi- or multi-metal ion adsorption, biosorption capacity of individual metal ion was reduced in the presence of other metal ions, but the total biosorption capacity increased, indicating the capability of M. rouxii biomass in adsorbing multi-metal ions. In addition, M. rouxii biomasses cultured with different media exhibited the same level of capacity to bind metal ions. Metal ions adsorbed by the biomass could be eluted effectively with HNO(3), while distilled water demonstrated negligible metal elution capability. Regeneration of the biomass with NaOH regained or enhanced the biosorption capacity even after five cycles of adsorption-elution-regeneration.
This article was published in Water Res
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology