alexa Heme oxygenase and the cardiovascular-renal system.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Abraham NG, Kappas A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Heme oxygenase (HO) has been shown to be important for attenuating the overall production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through its ability to degrade heme and to produce carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin/bilirubin, and the release of free iron. Excess free heme catalyzes the formation of ROS, which may lead to endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction as seen in numerous pathological conditions including hypertension and diabetes, as well as ischemia/reperfusion injury. The upregulation of HO-1 can be achieved through the use of pharmaceutical agents, such as metalloporphyrins and some HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Among other agents, atrial natriretic peptide and donors of nitric oxide (NO) are important modulators of the heme-HO system, either through induction of HO-1 or the biological activity of its products. Gene therapy and gene transfer, including site- and organ-specific targeted gene transfer, have become powerful tools for studying the potential role of HO-1/HO-2 in the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases as well as diabetes. HO-1 induction by pharmacological agents or gene transfer of human HO-1 into endothelial cells (ECs) in vitro increases cell-cycle progression and attenuates Ang II, TNF-, and heme-mediated DNA damage; administration in vivo acts to correct blood pressure elevation following Ang II exposure. Moreover, site-specific delivery of HO-1 to renal structures in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), specifically to the medullary thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle (mTALH), has been shown to normalize blood pressure and provide protection to the mTAL against oxidative injury. In other cardiovascular situations, delivery of human HO-1 to hyperglycemic rats significantly lowers superoxide (O(2)(-)) levels and prevents EC damage and sloughing of vascular EC into the circulation. In addition, administration of human HO-1 to rats in advance of ischemia/reperfusion injury considerably reduces tissue damage. The ability to upregulate HO-1 through pharmacological means or through the use of gene therapy may offer therapeutic strategies for cardiovascular disease in the future. This review discusses the implications of HO-1 delivery during the early stages of cardiovascular system injury or in early vascular pathology and suggests that pharmacological agents that regulate HO activity or HO-1 gene delivery itself may become powerful tools for preventing the onset or progression of certain cardiovascular pathologies. This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]csonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords