Author(s): Goodman AI, Olszanecki R, Yang LM, Quan S, Li M,
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Abstract Radiocontrast agents are thought to induce acute kidney injury in part through increased production of reactive oxygen species and increased cellular apoptosis. In this study we determined whether heme oxygenase-1 could prevent or reduce radiocontrast-induced acute kidney injury and, if so, what were the mechanisms by which this can occur. Sodium iothalamate was administered to uninephrectomized, salt-depleted male Sabra rats to initiate acute kidney injury. Heme oxygenase-1 was induced with cobalt protoporphyrin or inhibited with stannous mesoporphyrin. Inhibition of heme oxygenase exacerbated kidney injury as measured by an increase in plasma creatinine and in superoxide production. Heme oxygenase-1 induction prevented the increase in plasma creatinine and in superoxide in both the cortex and medulla compared to untreated rats with acute kidney injury. This protective effect of heme oxygenase-1 was associated with increased anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl and a decrease of pro-apoptotic caspase-3 and caspase-9 along with increased expression of inactive BAX. Our study suggests that increased levels of heme oxygenase-1 are protective against acute kidney injury due to radiocontrast exposure.
This article was published in Kidney Int
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology