Author(s): Lopes HF, Bortolotto LA, Szlejf C, Kamitsuji CS, Krieger EM, Lopes HF, Bortolotto LA, Szlejf C, Kamitsuji CS, Krieger EM
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Malignant hypertension is a serious form of arterial hypertension in which the physiopathological mechanisms include increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system, renin angiotensin system, and endothelium dysfunction. Family history of hypertension is an important predictive factor for hypertension and is associated with metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities. Studies of these abnormalities in malignant hypertensive offspring have not yet been published. Therefore, we studied 42 offspring of malignant hypertensive parents (OMH group: age, 22+/-7 years; 23 male subjects; 27 white) and 35 offspring of normotensive parents (ONT group: age, 21+/-4 years; 23 male subjects; 25 white). All subjects had blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg. We evaluated body mass index; office blood pressure; 24-hour ambulatory and continuous beat-to-beat blood pressure monitoring (Finapres); biochemical analysis, including total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides, glucose, and insulin; and hormonal analysis, including plasma renin activity, aldosterone, and catecholamines. The subjects were also submitted to cold pressure test and handgrip measurements. The body mass index was significantly higher in the OMH group (24+/-5 kg/m(2)) than in the ONT group (22+/-4 kg/m(2)). The OMH group showed significantly higher blood pressure and heart rate in office and Finapres measurements (P<0.05). In 24-hour ambulatory monitoring, the OMH group presented higher 24-hour blood pressure and heart rate, higher blood pressure during the night, and higher heart rate variability during the day compared with those of the ONT group. They also presented lower HDL cholesterol, higher levels of plasma insulin and norepinephrine, and higher insulin-to-glucose ratio (P<0.05) than the ONT group. There were no differences in the other biochemical parameters measured. In conclusion, OMH subjects show early hemodynamic, neurohumoral, and metabolic alterations that are typical of hypertensive metabolic syndrome.
This article was published in Hypertension
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research