Author(s): Qiu F, Clark JB, Kunselman AR, Undar A, Myers JL
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To construct an ideal extracorporeal life support (ECLS) circuit in terms of hemodynamic performance, each component of the circuit should be evaluated. Most cannulae manufacturers evaluate their products using water as the priming solution. We conducted this study to evaluate the different sizes of arterial and venous cannulae in a simulated neonatal ECLS circuit primed with human blood. METHODS: The simulated neonatal ECLS circuit was composed of a Capiox Baby RX05 oxygenator, a Rotaflow centrifugal pump and a heater & cooler unit. Three Medtronic Bio-Medicus arterial cannulae (8Fr, 10Fr, 12Fr) and three venous cannulae (10Fr, 12Fr, 14Fr) were tested in seven combinations (8A-10V, 8A-12V, 10A-10V, 10A-12V, 10A-14V, 12A-12V, 12A-14V). All the experiments were conducted using human blood at a hematocrit of 40\% and at a constant temperature of 37°C. The "tip to tip" priming volume of the entire circuit was 135ml. The blood volume of the pseudo patient was 500ml. RESULTS: Flow rates increased linearly with increasing size in both venous and arterial cannulae at the same pump speeds. The increase in flow rate was greater when changing the arterial cannulae (next size larger) compared to changing the venous cannulae (next size larger). The pressure drops of the arterial cannula were correlated with the flow rates, regardless of the pseudo patient pressure and the venous cannula used simultaneously. CONCLUSIONS: The results show the difference in flow ranges and pressure drops of seven combinations of arterial and venous cannulae. It also suggests that the arterial cannula, not the venous cannula, has greater impact on the flow rate when a centrifugal pump is used in a neonatal ECLS circuit. The results of this study have been translated to further advancing the clinical practice in our institution.
This article was published in Perfusion
and referenced in Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering