Author(s): Raab G, Klagsbrun M
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Abstract HB-EGF is a heparin-binding member of the EGF family that was initially identified in the conditioned medium of human macrophages. Soluble mature HB-EGF is proteolytically processed from a larger membrane-anchored precursor and is a potent mitogen and chemotactic factor for fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells but not endothelial cells. HB-EGF activates two EGF receptor subtypes, HER1 and HER4 and binds to cell surface HSPG. The transmembrane form of HB-EGF is a juxtacrine growth and adhesion factor and is uniquely the receptor for diphtheria toxin. HB-EGF gene expression is highly regulated, for example by cytokines, growth factors, and transcription factors such as MyoD. HB-EGF has been implicated as a participant in a variety of normal physiological processes such as blastocyst implantation and wound healing, and in pathological processes such as tumor growth, SMC hyperplasia and atherosclerosis.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Integrative Oncology