alexa Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia: a frequent complication after cardiac surgery.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Pouplard C, Regina S, May MA, Gruel Y

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Thrombocytopenia is a common problem in cardiovascular patients, and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is therefore frequently suspected. Unfractionated heparin during cardiopulmonary bypass is particularly immunogenic as 25\% to 50\% post-cardiac surgery patients develop heparin-dependent antibodies but only 1 to 3\% will develop HIT. These antibodies recognize a 'self protein', platelet factor 4 (PF4), bound to heparin. Antibodies associated with a high risk of HIT are mainly IgG1 which strongly activate platelets and coagulation, thereby causing thrombocytopenia and thrombosis. A biphasic evolution of platelet count with a secondary decrease after a previous increase following CPB or non-recovery of thrombocytopenia within 6 days post-operatively always requires screening for HIT antibodies. Both functional (platelet activation tests) and immunologic assays (antigen assays) are necessary in every patient to establish the diagnosis of HIT. When the clinical probability of HIT is high, the first requirement is to discontinue heparin, without waiting for results of laboratory investigations. An alternative anticoagulant such as danaparoid sodium (Orgaran) or lepirudin (Refludan) must then be administered since heparin withdrawal alone is insufficient to control the prothrombotic state associated with HIT. The risk of HIT will probably soon decrease due to the wider use of fondaparinux, which does not interact in vitro with PF4, but it could remain significant in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB.
This article was published in Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

cli[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords