alexa Hepatic insulin action in adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: relationship with long-term glycemic control.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Arslanian S, Heil BV, Kalhan SC, Arslanian S, Heil BV, Kalhan SC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The relationship between hepatic insulin action and long-term glycemic control was assessed in 20 adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and five healthy matched controls using a two-step (0.8 and 1.6 mU/kg/min) hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp and [6,6-2H2]glucose. The night before the study, diabetic patients received variable-rate intravenous insulin in an attempt to normalize fasting plasma glucose concentrations. In the postabsorptive state, hepatic glucose production (HGP) was similar in IDDM patients and controls (593 +/- 40 v 518 +/- 27 mumol/m2/min); however, plasma glucose and free insulin concentrations were higher in IDDM patients than in controls (6.5 +/- 0.4 v 5.4 +/- 0.1 mmol/L [P = .01], and 207 +/- 21 v 104 +/- 10 pmol/L [P < .001], respectively). There was a positive correlation (r = .62 P = .002) between basal HGP and glycohemoglobin level (HbA1). Separation of the patients at the median HbA1 (group no. 1 < and group no. 2. > 11.4\% HbA1) revealed two distinct patient populations with regard to hepatic and peripheral insulin action and plasma free fatty acid (FFA) suppression. During hyperinsulinemia, the percent suppression of HGP was lower in group no. 2 compared with group no. 1 (65.7\% +/- 9.8\% v 94.4\% +/- 3.8\%; P = .018). Rates of glucose disposal were lower in group no. 2 compared with controls and with group no. 1. Postabsorptive FFA levels were similar between group no. 2 and group no. 1 (0.45 +/- 0.03 and 0.43 +/- 0.04 mmol/L) despite higher free-insulin concentrations in group no. 2 (260 +/- 30 v 171 +/- 25 pmol/L; P = .04).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Metabolism and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    November 13-14, 2017 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords