alexa Hepatitis B virus genotypes and subgenotypes in China


Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Author(s): Zhanhui Wang, Yuehua Huang, Shujuan Wen, Bin Zhou, Jinlin Hou

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Eight Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes (A to H) have been identified based on an intergenotype divergence of 8% or more in the entire nucleotide sequence. Subgenotypes have also been identified in different HBV genotypes. As a highly endemic area for HBV infection, the prevalence of chronic HBV infection in China is between 8 and 20% of the general population. Genotypes B and C were identified as the most common HBV strains and account for approximately 95% of Chinese patients. Further study confirmed all genotype B strains belong to subgenotype Ba. Two of genotype C subgenotypes, C1 (Cs) and C2 (Ce), were found in China and they showed different geographic distributions. Genotype A was very rarely found, while genotypes E, F, G and H have not beenreported until now. Two types of HBV C/Drecombinant viruses have been identified in west China and distinct geographic and ethnic distributions were observed. Significant differences were observed (P < 0.001) in the prevalence of A1896 and T1762/A1764 mutations among HBV Ba, C1 and C2 subgenotypes in Chinese patients. Accumulating evidence showed the response rate to antiviral therapy in Chinese patients is higher in genotype B than genotype C patients on interferon treatment, but no difference was observed on nucleoside/nucleotide analog treatment.

This article was published in Hepatology Research and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

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