alexa Hepatitis E: an emerging awareness of an old disease.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

Author(s): Purcell RH, Emerson SU

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although hepatitis E was recognized as a new disease in 1980, the virus was first visualized in 1983 and its genome was cloned and characterized in 1991, the disease is probably ancient but not recognized until modern times. Hepatitis E is the most important or the second most important cause of acute clinical hepatitis in adults throughout Asia, the Middle East and Africa. In contrast, hepatitis E is rare in industrialized countries, but antibody (anti-HEV) is found worldwide. HEV is a small round RNA-containing virus that is the only member of the genus Hepevirus in the family Hepeviridae. Although similar to hepatitis A virus in appearance, there are significant differences between the two viruses. Hepatitis E is principally the result of a water-borne infection in developing countries and is thought to be spread zoonotically (principally from swine) in industrialized countries. Because diagnostic tests vary greatly in specificity, sensitivity and availability, hepatitis E is probably underdiagnosed. At present, control depends upon improved hygiene; a highly efficacious vaccine has been developed and tested, but it is not presently available. This article was published in J Hepatol and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Hedef Dhafir El-Yassin
    The Immune Response of Prolactin and the Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) in Iraqi Patients Infected with Hepatitis C Virus
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmed Mohammed Ashshi
    The correlations of activins and follistatin with viral load, liver damage, Interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-α in treatment naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 and 4: A case-control study
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords