alexa Hepatocyte-specific disruption of Bcl-xL leads to continuous hepatocyte apoptosis and liver fibrotic responses.
Surgery

Surgery

Surgery: Current Research

Author(s): Takehara T, Tatsumi T, Suzuki T, Rucker EB rd, Hennighausen L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recent research has suggested that apoptosis could be involved in the development of fibrosis, although it is generally considered to be a mechanism of cell removal without consequences to the tissue. Bcl-xL , an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, is expressed in hepatocytes and up-modulated during various pathologic conditions. The aim of this study was to explore the function of Bcl-xL in hepatocytes using the Cre-loxP system and to analyze the consequences of long-term apoptosis in hepatocytes. METHODS: Hepatocytes isolated from mice homozygous for a floxed bcl-x allele (bcl-x fl/fl) were infected with recombinant adenovirus expressing the Cre recombinase gene (AdexCre). Bcl-x fl/fl mice were crossed with Alb-Cre transgenic mice, which express Cre under regulation of the albumin gene promoter to generate hepatocyte-specific Bcl-xL-deficient mice. RESULTS: On AdexCre infection, primary cultured bcl-x fl/fl hepatocytes reduced their expression of Bcl-xL and rapidly underwent apoptosis associated with mitochondrial damage. In vivo hepatocyte-specific disruption of Bcl-xL resulted in spontaneous apoptosis of hepatocytes for more than 6 months. The Bcl-xL -deficient mice showed liver fibrosis with advanced age that was preceded by an increase in hepatic transforming growth factor beta production. In vitro, macrophages and hepatocytes produced transforming growth factor beta on exposure to apoptotic hepatocytes. CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified Bcl-xL as a critical apoptosis antagonist in hepatocytes. Furthermore, it offers proof that persistent apoptosis of parenchymal cells is sufficient to induce fibrotic responses and suggests a mechanistic link between apoptosis and fibrosis.
This article was published in Gastroenterology and referenced in Surgery: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Rheumatology and Arthritis Surgeons Meeting
    October 2-4, 2017 Las Vegas , USA
  • 3rd International Conference on Spinal Surgery
    October 16-18, 2017, Chicago, USA
  • Global surgeons meeting on Bariatric surgery
    October 30-November 1, 2017,San Antonio,USA
  • International Conference on Bariatric surgery
    March 15-16, 2018, Barcelona, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords