alexa Hepatoma cell-derived leptin downregulates the immunosuppressive function of regulatory T-cells to enhance the anti-tumor activity of CD8+ T-cells.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Renxiong Wei, Yaoren Hu, Feibo Dong

Abstract Share this page

The adaptive immune response against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) could be a therapeutic target to restrain HCC initiation and growth. The interactions between hepatoma cells and immune cells modify the anti-tumor immunity to influence hepatoma cell survival. To explore the potential interplay between hepatoma cells and anti-HCC T-cells, we conducted a HCC induction mouse model to analyze the phenotypic and functional alterations of T-cell subsets. We found that both hepatoma tissues and hepatoma cell lines substantially produced higher leptin, which is an adipokine usually expressed in fat tissue, than normal liver tissue or hepatocytes. We also found that regulatory T-cells (Tregs), effector CD4(+) T-cells and CD8(+) T-cells upregulated expression of leptin receptor (LEPR) in spleens and livers after HCC induction. In vitro study showed that macrophages and dendritic cells isolated from HCC livers upregulated LEPR expression on T-cells. Leptin inhibited Treg activation and function in vitro, demonstrated by lower expression of TGF-β, IL-10, CTLA4 and GITR in Tregs, as wells weaker suppression of CD8(+) T-cell proliferation and production of cytotoxic mediators. In addition, silencing LEPR in Tregs favored tumor growth in a hepatoma cell line allograft model. Taken together, our study suggests that hepatoma cells could enhance anti-HCC immunity through secreting leptin to down-regulate Treg activity and subsequently promote CD8(+) T-cell response.

This article was published in Immunol Cell Biol. and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords