alexa Heritability of bone mass: a longitudinal study in aging male twins.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Christian JC, Yu PL, Slemenda CW, Johnston CC Jr

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Abstract Midshaft radial bone mass was first measured from 1970 through 1972 by photon absorptiometry in 42 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) and 38 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) male Caucasian twins (age 44-55 years). The MZ intraclass correlation (rMZ) of .70 was significantly larger (P less than .05) than the DZ correlation (rDZ) of .45, providing evidence for genetic influences (Smith et al. 1973). Radial bone mass measurements repeated 16 years later (1986-87) on 25 of the MZ pairs and on 21 of the DZ pairs revealed an rMZ of .61 and an rDZ of .44, but the difference was not significant (P greater than .05). The twins had an average radial mass loss of 0.49\%/year between the two examinations. The rMZ (.52) and rDZ (.49) values for the 16-year loss in radial mass were both significantly different from zero, but their similar size indicated that the correlations were due to nongenetic factors. In a search for the source of genetic influences on adult radial mass, heritability was estimated by the formula 2(rMZ - rDZ) for radial width and was found to be .66 and .76 (P less than .05) for examinations 1 and 2, respectively. An index of radial density (mass/width) was calculated, and the differences between rMZ and rDZ were not significant at either examination. The intraclass correlations (rMZ = .35; rDZ = .43) were both significant for the loss of bone density between examinations but provided no evidence for genetic influences, results similar to the findings for the loss of mass.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Am J Hum Genet and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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