Author(s): Garrafa E, Imberti L, Tiberio G, Prandini A, Giulini SM,
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Abstract As lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) express different lymphatic and vascular markers depending on the organ they are derived from, we analysed whether they also show a heterogeneity of response against pathogens. To this end we analysed, for the presence of mRNA encoding for all human toll-like receptor (TLR), LECs isolated from lymph nodes and thymuses. RNA for TLR1-6 and 9 was identified in thymus-derived cells, whereas cells derived from lymph nodes contained mRNA for TLR1-4, 6 and 9, but failed to express mRNA specific for TLR5. The differential expression of TLRs was confirmed by the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB p65 only when the two types of LECs were incubated with the appropriate TLR agonists. The stimulation with specific agonists gives rise to a heterogeneous pattern of cytokine and chemokine secretion: thymus-derived LECs produced preferentially interleukin-6, interferon-inducible protein (IP)-10 and tumour necrosis factor-α, whereas cells prepared from lymph nodes mainly released interleukin-8, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, RANTES and (IP)-10. Finally, cells purified from lymph nodes expressed a higher level of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 than did cells prepared from the thymus when stimulated with several TLR agonists. The expression of a large set of TLRs and the responsiveness to specific agonists suggest that LECs are able to respond to pathogens, and the observed differences reflect specialized functions, redundancy and/or roles of LECs of different origin.
This article was published in Immunol Cell Biol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology