alexa Hexokinase II and VEGF expression in liver tumors: correlation with hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha and its significance.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Yasuda S, Arii S, Mori A, Isobe N, Yang W,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: We analyzed the expressions of hexokinase II (HK II), a key enzyme in glycolysis, and VEGF in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and metastatic liver cancer in relation to tumor vascularity, and the participation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) was studied. METHODS: A real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed to examine the HK II and VEGF mRNA expression. Expression of HIF-1 alpha and HK II protein, and microvessel density (MVD) were examined immunohistochemically. RESULTS: MVD was significantly higher in HCCs than in metastatic liver cancers, and VEGF mRNA expression was positively correlated only with MVD of HCCs. HK II mRNA expression was significantly higher in metastatic liver cancers, however, some cases of HCC pretreated with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) showed marked HK II mRNA expression. Both HIF-1 alpha and HK II protein expressions were co-localized in the cancer cells near necrosis, and the intensity of HIF-1 alpha protein expression was significantly correlated with HK II mRNA expression in both tumors. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that, in metastatic liver cancers, glycolysis induced by HIF-1 is the predominant energy source under the hypoxic environment and, at least in some TAE-pretreated HCC cases, cancer cells obtain energy for growth by switching the metabolic profile to glycolysis through HIF-1.
This article was published in J Hepatol and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords