Author(s): Hondermarck H, Courty J, Dauchel MC, Barritault D, Boilly B
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Abstract Acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (aFGF and bFGF), two mitogenic, neurotrophic and angiogenic molecules, are present in the embryonic chick brain but their function remains unclear. In order to approach the biological activity of FGFs during brain development, we have looked for their receptors and studied their regulation through chick brain development. Competitive binding studies realized on brain membranes indicated the presence of two classes of FGF binding sites: high affinity binding sites (dissociation constant, Kd = 100 pM) and low affinity binding sites (Kd = 20 nM). Cross-competition experiments show that these two classes of binding sites both interact with aFGF and bFGF. The number of sites in these two classes of binding sites changes during embryogenesis. On the one hand, the membrane capacity of high affinity sites decreases from E7 (1 +/- 0.2 pmol/mg of protein) to E15 (0.5 +/- 0.2 pmol/mg of protein); on the other hand, the membrane capacity of low affinity sites increases from E15 (25 +/- 4 pmol/mg of protein) to P1 (75 +/- 20 pmol/mg of protein). Cross-linking experiments revealed the presence of two putative receptor forms of molecular masses of about 130 and 95 kDa. These results suggest that the biological activity of aFGF and bFGF during brain embryogenesis could be regulated by the expression of high and low affinity binding sites for these growth factors.
This article was published in Neurosci Lett
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology