Author(s): Bowry VW, Stanley KK, Stocker R
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Abstract Analysis of untreated fresh blood plasma from healthy, fasting donors revealed that high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles carry most (approximately 85\%) of the detectable oxidized core lipoprotein lipids. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) lipids are relatively peroxide-free. In vitro the mild oxidation of gel-filtered plasma from fasting donors with a low, steady flux of aqueous peroxyl radicals initially caused preferential oxidation of HDL rather than LDL lipids until most ubiquinol-10 present in LDL was consumed. Thereafter, LDL core lipids were oxidized more rapidly. Isolated lipoproteins behaved similarly. Preferential accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides in HDL reflects the lack of antioxidants in most HDL particles compared to LDL, which contained 8-12 alpha-tocopherol and 0.5-1.0 ubiquinol-10 molecules per particle. Cholesteryl ester hydroperoxides (CEOOHs) in HDL and LDL were stable when added to fresh plasma at 37 degrees C for up to 20 hr. Transfer of CEOOHs from HDL to LDL was too slow to have influenced the in vitro plasma oxidation data. Incubation of mildly oxidized LDL and HDL with cultured hepatocytes afforded a linear removal of CEOOHs from LDL (40\% loss over 1 hr), whereas a fast-then-slow biphasic removal was observed for HDL. Our data show that HDL is the principal vehicle for circulating plasma lipid hydroperoxides and suggest that HDL lipids may be more rapidly oxidized than those in LDL in vivo. The rapid hepatic clearance of CEOOHs in HDL could imply a possible beneficial role of HDL by attenuating the build-up of oxidized lipids in LDL.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry