alexa High incidence of p53 alterations (mutation, deletion, overexpression) in head and neck primary tumors and metastases; absence of correlation with clinical outcome. Frequent protein overexpression in normal epithelium and in early non-invasive lesions.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Author(s): Ahomadegbe JC, Barrois M, Fogel S, Le Bihan ML, DoucRasy S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have analysed 78 head and neck carcinomas (50 node metastases and 28 primary tumors including 13 matched specimens) in 65 patients for p53 alterations. Mutations were found in 54 (69\%) tumors. Of the 53 mutations within exons, 40 (76\%) were missense, five (9\%) nonsense and eight (15\%) microdeletions or microinsertions. Twenty-five (47\%) mutations were transitions mostly G-->A (40\%) and 20 (38\%) were transversions, mostly G-->T (25\%), thus confirming the role of tobacco carcinogens in the induction of these mutations. The incidence of mutations was not different in primary tumors (68\%) and node metastases (70\%) indicating that this gene alteration was not related to the metastatic dissemination. For eight patients, mutations were observed in matched primary tumors and metastases, indicating clonal dissemination of tumor cells in most of these carcinomas. There was a good correlation between mutations and protein overexpression (Fisher's exact test P < 10(-4). Immunostaining was also observed in basal cells from normal epithelium and in early lesions adjacent to the primary tumor in 11/15 (73\%) specimens irrespective of the presence of mutation in the corresponding tumors. These data confirm that p53 overexpression is an early event in the multistep process of epithelial cell carcinogenesis. Loss of heterozygosity for the TP53 locus was detected in 54\% of tumors but no association was found with mutation (Fisher's exact test P = 0.14). No mdm-2 amplification was detected in any tumors. No correlation was found between mutation and clinical parameters, the 5-year survival rates were not different (log rank test P = 0.39) in patients with and without mutation. In conclusion, we have shown that p53 gene mutations and deletions and protein overexpression are frequent in the most aggressive head and neck carcinomas but are not associated with disease progression. The presence of protein in normal mucosa and in non-invasive lesions may constitute a biomarker for early stages of carcinogenesis.
This article was published in Oncogene and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords