Author(s): Hagiwara S, Iwasaka H, Uchino T, Noguchi T
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Sepsis can be exacerbated by an inappropriate immune response and the severe impact of this disease on the cardiovascular system is well documented. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is an important mediator in the pathogenesis of sepsis and its role in cardiovascular system dysfunction was investigated in an lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced rat model of sepsis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve hours after intravenous bolus injections of LPS (5 mg/kg), rats were killed and heart samples were harvested. Immunoblot analysis was performed to assess expression levels of HMGB1 in cardiac myocytes. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) served as a measure of systolic function. LPS administration was associated with an increase in the expression of HMGB1 in cardiac myocytes and a decrease in cardiac function. Hearts from the LPS-treated rats were also perfused with recombinant HMGB1 and cardiac function measured. The dose-dependent effects observed with elevated HMGB1 included decreased LVDP, decreased left ventricular (LV) + dP/dt(max), decreased absolute value of LV- dP/dt(min), and increased LV end-diastolic pressure. CONCLUSIONS: HMGB1 stimulation produces a negative inotropic effect during septic shock, suggesting an important role for this molecule in cardiovascular system dysfunction during sepsis.
This article was published in Circ J
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research