alexa High NPHP1 and NPHP6 mutation rate in patients with Joubert syndrome and nephronophthisis: potential epistatic effect of NPHP6 and AHI1 mutations in patients with NPHP1 mutations.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Tory K, Lacoste T, Burglen L, Morinire V, Boddaert N,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Joubert syndrome (JS) is an autosomal recessive disorder that is described in patients with cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation, hypotonia, and neonatal respiratory dysregulation. Kidney involvement (nephronophthisis or cystic renal dysplasia) is associated with JS in one fourth of known cases. Mutations in three genes--AHI1, NPHP1, and NPHP6--have been identified in patients with JS. However, because NPHP1 mutations usually cause isolated nephronophthisis, the factors that predispose to the development of neurologic involvement are poorly understood. In an attempt to identify such genetic determinants, a cohort of 28 families with nephronophthisis and at least one JS-related neurologic symptom were screened for mutations in AHI1, NPHP1, and NPHP6 genes. NPHP1 and NPHP6 homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations were found in 13 (46\%) and six (21\%) unrelated patients, respectively. Two of the 13 patients with NPHP1 mutations carried either a heterozygous truncating mutation in NPHP6 or a heterozygous missense mutation in AHI1. Furthermore, five patients with NPHP1 mutations carried the AHI1 variant R830W, which was predicted to be "possibly damaging" and was found with significantly higher frequency than in healthy control subjects and in patients with NPHP1 mutations without neurologic symptoms (five of 26 versus four of 276 and three of 152 alleles; P < 0.001 and P < 0.002, respectively). In contrast to the variable neurologic and milder retinal phenotype of patients with NPHP1 mutations, patients with NPHP6 mutations presented with a more severe neurologic and retinal phenotype. In conclusion, NPHP1 and NPHP6 are major genes of nephronophthisis associated with JS. Epistatic effects that are provided by heterozygous NPHP6 and AHI1 mutations and variants may contribute to the appearance of extrarenal symptoms in patients with NPHP1 mutations. This article was published in J Am Soc Nephrol and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords