alexa High Prevalence of a Pathological Response to Acetylcholine Testing in Patients With Stable Angina Pectoris and Unobstructed Coronary Arteries : The ACOVA Study (Abnormal COronary VAsomotion in patients with stable angina and unobstructed coronary arterie
Clinical Sciences

Clinical Sciences

Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Ong P, Athanasiadis A, Borgulya G, Kaski JC, Sechtem U

Abstract Share this page

Objectives

This study aimed at determining the prevalence of epicardial and microvascular coronary spasm in patients with anginal symptoms, despite angiographically normal coronary arteries.

Background

Despite a typical clinical presentation with exercise-related anginal symptoms (chest pain or dyspnea) with or without occasional attacks of resting chest pain suggestive of coronary artery disease, 40% of patients undergoing diagnostic angiography have normal or “near” normal coronary arteriograms. Many of these patients are given a diagnosis of noncardiac chest pain, and some are considered to have microvascular angina. However, we speculate that abnormal coronary vasomotion (reduced vasodilatation with exercise = reduced coronary flow reserve and/or vasospasm at rest) might also represent a plausible explanation for the symptoms of the patient.

Methods

This was a prospective study in 304 consecutive patients (50% men, mean age 66 ± 10 years) with exertional anginal symptoms undergoing diagnostic angiography. A total of 139 patients (46%) had ≥50% coronary artery disease in at least 1 coronary artery, 21 patients (7%) had luminal narrowings ranging from >20% to 49%, and 144 patients (47%) had normal coronary arteries or only minimal irregularities (<20% diameter reduction). Results One hundred twenty-four patients of the latter (86%) underwent intracoronary acetylcholine (ACH) testing, which elicited coronary spasm in 77 patients (62%), 35 patients (45%) with epicardial spasm (≥75% diameter reduction with reproduction of the symptoms of the patient) and 42 patients (55%) with microvascular spasm (reproduction of symptoms, ischemic electrocardiographic changes, and no epicardial spasm).

Conclusions

Nearly 50% of patients undergoing diagnostic angiography for assessment of stable angina had angiographically normal or near normal coronary arteriograms. The ACH test triggered epicardial or microvascular coronary spasm in nearly two-thirds of these patients. Our results suggest that abnormal coronary vasomotion plays a pathogenic role in this setting and that the ACH test might be useful to identify patients with cardiac symptoms, despite normal coronaries. (Abnormal Coronary Vasomotion in Patients With Suspected CAD But Normal Coronary Arteries; NCT00921856)

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in J Am CollCardiol and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords