Author(s): Shiekh Eldin G, ElSegaier M, Galal MO
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) is one of the common anomalies of the systemic veins. Its prevalence is 0.1-0.3\% in the general population and is more common with congenital heart disease (CHD). The importance of detecting persistent LSVC prior to cardiac surgery is paramount for systemic veins cannulations. AIM: The aim was to evaluate the prevalence of persistent LSVC in patients with CHD in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: All patients referred to our institution had echocardiography. All complete studies were reviewed for the presence of persistent LSVC. A computerized database was created including the demographic data, CHD diagnoses, and the presence of persistent LSVC. RESULTS: A total of 2,042 were examined with an age range of 1 day to 16 years. The complete echocardiographic studies were 1,832 (90\%) of whom 738 (40\%) patients had CHD. The prevalence of persistent LSVC in patients with CHD was 7.8\% (OR 9.26, 95\% CI 4.7-18.2, p<0.001). The most common cardiac defect associated with persistent LSVC was complete atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD); all patients with AVSD had Down syndrome. The total number of patients with AVSD was 41, and persistent LSVC was found in 11 (26\%) of them (odds ratio 5.1, 95\% CI 2.4-10.8, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of persistent LSVC in the current population is almost double the reported prevalence obtained using the same echocardiographic screening tool.
This article was published in Libyan J Med
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy