alexa High sodium intake is associated with masked hypertension in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes and treated hypertension.
Nephrology

Nephrology

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Author(s): Uzu T, Nakao K, Kume S, Araki H, Isshiki K,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Knowledge regarding the association between dietary sodium intake and the incidence of masked hypertension is limited. METHODS: A total of 193 Japanese type 2 diabetic outpatients who had been treated with antihypertensive agents and with office blood pressures <140/90 mm Hg were recruited. Masked hypertension was defined as having office blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg and 24-h mean ambulatory blood pressure ≥130/80 mm Hg. The dietary sodium intake was estimated by measuring the 24-h urinary sodium excretion. RESULTS: Masked hypertension was found in 128 (66.3\%) patients. An age- and sex-adjusted univariate logistic regression analysis showed that urinary albumin excretion, renin-angiotensin system inhibitor use, office systolic blood pressure, and amount of dietary sodium intake were significantly associated with masked hypertension. A multivariate logistic regression analysis also identified an older age, renin-angiotensin system inhibitor use, an office elevated systolic blood pressure, and high dietary sodium intake to be independently associated with masked hypertension. When compared with those who consumed a low salt diet (sodium <120 mEq/day), the odds ratio for the risk of exhibiting masked hypertension in patients who consumed a medium salt diet (sodium 120 to <200 mEq/day) or a high salt diet (sodium ≥200 mEq/day) were 5.3 (P < 0.001) and 12.6 (P < 0.001), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Masked hypertension is a common feature in type 2 diabetic patients being treated for hypertension. The observed association with sodium intake raised the hypothesis that excessive sodium intake may play a part in the genesis of masked hypertension in these patients. This article was published in Am J Hypertens and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

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