alexa High-affinity RNA Aptamers Against the HIV-1 Protease Inhibit Both In Vitro Protease Activity and Late Events of Viral Replication.


Virology & Mycology

Author(s): Duclair S, Gautam A, Ellington A, Prasad VR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract HIV-1 aspartyl protease (PR) plays a key role in virion morphogenesis, underscoring the effectiveness of protease inhibitors (PI). Despite their utility, side effects and drug-resistance remains a problem. We report the development of RNA aptamers as inhibitors of HIV-1 PR for potential use in anti-HIV gene therapy. Employing Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment (SELEX), we isolated four unique families of anti-HIV-1 PR RNA aptamers displaying moderate binding affinities (Kd = 92-140 nmol/l) and anti-PR inhibitory activity (Kis = 138-647 nmol/l). Second-generation RNA aptamers selected from partially randomized pools based on two of the aptamer sequences displayed striking enhancements in binding (Kds = 2-22 nmol/l) and inhibition (Kis = 31-49 nmol/l). The aptamers were specific in that they did not bind either the related HIV-2 protease, or the cellular aspartyl protease, Cathepsin D. Site-directed mutagenesis of a second-generation aptamer to probe the predicted secondary structure indicated that the stem-loops SL2 and SL3 and the stem P1 were essential for binding and that only the 3'-most 17 nucleotides were dispensable. Anti-PR aptamers inhibited HIV replication in vitro and the degree of inhibition was higher for second-generation aptamers with greater affinity and the inhibition was abrogated for a nonbinding aptamer variant.
This article was published in Mol Ther Nucleic Acids and referenced in Virology & Mycology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version