alexa High-dose chemotherapy in germ cell tumours: a large single centre experience.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Bone Research

Author(s): O Rick, J Beyer, D Kingreen, N Schwella, A Krusch

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High-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) has evolved as a strategy to improve the treatment outcome in patients with relapsed and/or refractory germ cell tumours. Between August 1989 and September 1995, 150 consecutive patients with relapsed and/or refractory germ cell tumours were treated with conventional-dose salvage chemotherapy followed by one cycle of HDCT with carboplatin 1500-2000 mg/m2, etoposide 1200-2400 mg/m2 and ifosfamide 0-10 g/m2 and were retrospectively analysed. With a median follow-up time of 55 months (range 21-88 months) 51/150 (34%) patients are alive and disease free. The projected event-free and overall survival are 29% (confidence interval 22-37%) and 39% (confidence interval 31-47%) respectively. The relevance of prognostic variables for long-term survival after HDCT were prospectively confirmed. Persisting toxicities occurred in approximately one third of the long-term survivors. Treatment intensification with HDCT resulted in a significant proportion of the long-term survivors in patients with relapsed and/or refractory germ cell tumours. Trials to prospectively evaluate HDCT as an early intervention in these patients seem justified.

This article was published in Eur J Cancer. and referenced in Journal of Bone Research

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