Author(s): Yang WC, Lin PM, Yang MY, Liu YC, Chang CS,
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Abstract Abstract Several molecular markers, such as NPM1, FLT3 and CEBPA, have been incorporated into both the World Health Organization and European LeukemiaNet classifications as routine assessments for the diagnosis and evaluation of prognostic significance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is related to cancer development and is believed to be associated with the outcome of cytogenetically normal (CN)-AML. In the present study, we analyzed the prognostic effects and interactions of LCN2 expression (by molecular analysis, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction [qRT-PCR]) with neucleophosmin 1, fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha mutations in 85 patients with CN-AML receiving intensive induction chemotherapy. Our results indicate that patients with higher LCN2 mRNA expression in the bone marrow (LCN2high), especially in combination with wild type FLT3-ITD, had better prognoses. FLT3-ITD compensated LCN2-overexpression-enhanced oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in cell line studies. In conclusion, LCN2high was associated with better prognosis, and FLT3 status had an adjuvant effect on overall survival.
This article was published in Leuk Lymphoma
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