Author(s): Gangadharan B, Parker ET, Ide LM, Spencer HT, Doering CB
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Abstract Clinical success for gene therapy of hemophilia A will be judged by achievement of sustained, therapeutic levels of coagulation factor VIII (fVIII). Previous clinical trials have suffered from transient, subtherapeutic expression of human fVIII transgenes. Porcine fVIII contains sequence elements that enable more efficient biosynthesis than human fVIII due to enhanced posttranslational transit through the secretory pathway. In this study, we evaluated ex vivo retroviral gene transfer of a high-expression porcine fVIII transgene into bone marrow-derived stromal and hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (MSCs and HSCs, respectively) and transplantation into genetically immunocompetent hemophilia A mice. Both MSCs and HSCs demonstrated high-level expression of porcine fVIII in vivo. However, following transplantation of gene-modified MSCs, fVIII activity levels rapidly returned to baseline due to the formation of anti-porcine fVIII-neutralizing antibodies. Alternatively, transplantation of HSCs into myeloablated and nonmyeloablated hemophilia A mice resulted in high-level fVIII expression despite low-level hematopoietic reconstitution by gene-modified cells. FVIII expression was sustained beyond 10 months, indicating that immunologic tolerance to porcine fVIII was achieved. Furthermore, transplantation of bone marrow from primary recipients into naive secondary recipients resulted in sustained, high-level fVIII expression demonstrating successful genetic modification and engraftment of HSCs.
This article was published in Blood
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy