Author(s): Matsuda M, Yamamoto T, Matsumura A, Kaneda Y
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Abstract Hemagglutinating virus of Japan envelope (HVJ-E) vector with inactivated replication-defective Sendai virus was originally developed as a versatile drug delivery system. Recently, we have shown the direct tumor-killing activity of HVJ-E itself without therapeutic molecules in prostate cancer cells. Although human glioblastoma cells were also sensitive to HVJ-E treatment, complete eradication was not achieved using HVJ-E alone. Here, to develop more effective therapeutic strategy of glioblastoma, we enhanced the anti-tumor activity by incorporating Short interfering RNA (siRNA) of mitotic motor protein Eg5 into HVJ-E. Treatment with HVJ-E-containing Eg5 siRNA induced monopolar spindle formation and resulted in cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. When HVJ-E-containing Eg5 siRNA was directly injected into an intradermal tumor xenograft, all mice became tumor-free. Similar results were observed in the intracranial tumor xenografts. The survival time of treated mice was significantly prolonged when HVJ-E was used. Histological examination showed that tumors remained in the brain after treatment with HVJ-E-containing negative control siRNA, but no tumors were detected after treatment with HVJ-E-containing Eg5 siRNA. This remarkable anti-tumor response was likely due to a synergistic effect of Eg5 siRNA and HVJ-E. Thus, this combination shows promise as an attractive novel therapy for glioblastoma.
This article was published in Gene Ther
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy