alexa Highly expressed genes in a rough-colony-forming phenotype of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: implication of a mip-like gene for the invasion of host tissue.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

Author(s): Maeda T, Maeda H, Yamabe K, Mineshiba J, Tanimoto I,

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Abstract Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, a potent pathogen of periodontitis, typically grows as a rough and adherent colony on primary isolated cultures. The colony transforms into a smooth phenotype during repeated subculture. In this study, we aimed to identify highly expressed genes in the rough-colony-forming phenotype for isolation of host-induced genes. Using a cDNA-subtractive hybridization technique, three genes, homologous to a macrophage infectivity potentiator gene (mip), peroxiredoxin gene (prx) and outer membrane protein gene (ompA), were identified. The expression levels of these genes in the rough-colony-forming phenotype were 4-10-fold higher as compared with the smooth-colony-forming phenotype. Attention was focused on the mip-like gene, and a recombinant protein and a deficient mutant were constructed. The recombinant protein reacted with sera from patients with periodontitis, suggesting the production of the Mip-like protein in periodontal lesions. Viable quantitative invasion assay demonstrated that the viable cell counts of the wild-type strain that invaded HeLa cells were more than fourfold as compared with the mip-deficient mutant. The expression of the mip-like gene, prx-like gene and ompA-like gene may be enhanced in the host, and the mip-like gene may play an important role in the infection of A. actinomycetemcomitans, especially in its invasion of the epithelium. This article was published in FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

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