Author(s): Hung le D, Sato Y, Hori K
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Abstract From a fresh sample (1 kg) of cultivated red alga Kappaphycus striatum, three isolectins, KSA-1 (15.1 mg), KSA-2 (58.0 mg) and KSA-3 (6.9 mg), were isolated by a combination of extraction with aqueous ethanol, ethanol precipitation, and ion exchange chromatography. Isolated KSAs were monomeric proteins of about 28kDa having identical 20N-terminal amino acid sequences to each other. Their hemagglutination activities were not inhibited by monosaccharides, but inhibited by glycoproteins bearing high-mannose N-glycans. In a binding experiment with pyridylaminated oligosaccharides by centrifugal ultrafiltration-HPLC assay, the isolectin KSA-2 was exclusively bound to high-mannose type N-glycans, but not to other glycans. Including complex types and a pentasaccharide core of N-glycans, indicating that it recognized branched oligomannosides. The binding activity of KSA-2 was slightly different among high-mannose N-glycans examined, indicating that the lectin has a higher affinity for those having the exposed (α1-3) Man in the D2 arm. On the other hand, KSA-2 did not bind to a free oligomannose that is a constituent of the branched oligomannosides, implying that the portion of the core GlcNAc residue(s) of the N-glycans is also essential for binding. Thus, KSA-2 appears to recognize the extended carbohydrate structure with a minimal length of a tetrasaccharide, Man(α1-3)Man(α1-6)Man(β1-4)GlcNAc. This study indicates that K. striatum, which has extensively been cultivated as a source of carrageenan, is a good source of a valuable lectin(s) that is strictly specific for high-mannose N-glycans. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Phytochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques