Author(s): Bonora E, Kiechl S, Mayr A, Zoppini G, Targher G,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) recently has been recommended for the diagnosis of diabetes by the American Diabetes Association, but its value in the prediction of type 2 diabetes is poorly understood. In this study we evaluated how high-normal HbA(1c) levels predict type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured HbA(1c) in 919 Caucasian subjects, aged 40-79 years, and recorded new cases of type 2 diabetes in the following 15 years. Diabetes was diagnosed with HbA(1c). RESULTS: Subjects were stratified according to baseline HbA(1c) (<5.0, 5.00-5.49 [reference], 5.50-5.99, and 6.00-6.49\%). Sex- and age-adjusted hazard ratios (95\% CI) for type 2 diabetes were 1.11 (0.30-4.41), 1.00, 3.79 (1.79-8.06), and 12.50 (5.51-28.34), respectively. Results did not change after adjusting for several putative confounding factors and were confirmed when models with updated variables were used. CONCLUSIONS: HbA(1c) is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Subjects with high-normal levels of HbA(1c) deserve particular attention because they have a strong risk of developing diabetes.
This article was published in Diabetes Care
and referenced in Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis