Author(s): Teichert J, Preiss R
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Abstract An isocratic reversed-phase HPLC method for the simultaneous quantitation of alpha-lipoic acid and five of its metabolites in human plasma as well as in human urine employing solid-phase extraction and pulsed amperometric detection was developed and validated. The method was found to be sufficiently precise and accurate for the measurement of alpha-lipoic acid and its metabolites 6,8-bis(methylthio)octanoic acid, 4,6-bis(methylthio)hexanoic acid and 2,4-bis(methylthio)butanoic acid in plasma and urine samples, obtained from patients suffering from diabetic neuropathy as well as from healthy volunteers following daily oral administration of 600 mg alpha-lipoic acid. The quantitation of the metabolite bisnorlipoic acid was often impaired by interferences caused by an unidentified metabolite. However, bisnorlipoic acid was detected in few test samples and the concentrations were consistently low. Despite the poor recovery of the metabolite tetranorlipoic acid from plasma, reproducibility and accuracy were found to be from acceptable magnitude to assess concentration time courses. Thus, the obtained analytical results are considered as reliable and well suited for pharmacokinetic studies of alpha-lipoic acid and its metabolites.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques