Author(s): Terasawa N, Asaka K
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Abstract New hybrid-type poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) actuators produced by the film-casting method, in which both electrostatic double-layer (EDLC) and faradaic capacitors (FCs) occur simultaneously, have been developed. The electrochemical and electromechanical properties of PEDOT: poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS), PEDOT:PSS/ionic liquid (IL), and PEDOT: PSS/single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)/IL actuators are compared with those of a conventional poly(vinylidene fluoride)-co-hexafluoropropylene (PVdF(HFP))/SWCNT/IL actuator. It is found that the PEDOT: PSS/SWCNT/IL actuator provides a better actuation strain performance than a conventional (PVdF(HFP))/SWCNT/IL actuator, as its electrode is an electrochemical capacitor (EC) composed of an EDLC and FC. The PEDOT: PSS polymer helps produce a high specific capacitance, actuation strain, and maximum generated stress that surpass the performance of a conventional PVdF(HFP) actuator. The flexible and robust films created by the synergistic combination of PEDOT and SWCNT may therefore have significant potential as actuator materials for wearable energy-conversion devices. A double-layer charging kinetic model was successfully used to simulate the frequency dependence of the displacement responses of the PEDOT: PSS/IL and PEDOT: PSS/SWCNT/IL actuators.
This article was published in Langmuir
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques