alexa High-throughput detection of drugs binding to proteins using desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Yao C, Na N, Huang L, He D, Ouyang J

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Abstract In this paper, we present a strategy for screening drugs that bind to proteins by combining centrifugal filtration with desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS). Membrane filtration was used to remove any unbound drugs. Then, drug-protein complexes deposited on the DESI substrate were dissociated during the DESI-MS analytical process, and the liberated drugs were measured. To validate the methodology, the screening of a series of drugs against two types of proteins was performed. Three DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I) inhibitors (camptothecin (CPT), hydroxycamptothecin (OHCPT) and 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38)) were screened against Topo I and the DNA-Topo I complex using DESI-MS. The results indicated that none of the inhibitors bound to Topo I, because the inhibitors had binding affinities only to the DNA-Topo I complex. Among the three drugs that bound to the DNA-Topo I complex, SN-38 had the strongest relative binding affinity, and CPT had the weakest relative binding affinity. The impact of the DESI spray solvent composition on the analysis of drug-protein complex binding was evaluated. Seven alkaloid drugs were also screened against Topo I using DESI-MS. Berberine and palmatine had good binding affinities. A screening of 21 types of drugs was carried out to determine whether the drugs bound to human serum albumin (HSA). The DESI-MS screening process could be achieved within 1.75min. The study provides a method to qualitatively detect compounds that bind to proteins, showing great potential in drug design and screening. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Anal Chim Acta and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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