alexa Hippocampal α7 nicotinic receptors modulate memory reconsolidation of an inhibitory avoidance task in mice.
Neurology

Neurology

Neurochemistry & Neuropharmacology

Author(s): Boccia MM, Blake MG, Krawczyk MC, Baratti CM, Boccia MM, Blake MG, Krawczyk MC, Baratti CM, Boccia MM, Blake MG, Krawczyk MC, Baratti CM, Boccia MM, Blake MG, Krawczyk MC, Baratti CM

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Abstract CF-1 male mice were trained in an inhibitory avoidance (IA) task using either a mild or a high footshock (0.8 or 1.2 mA, 50 Hz, 1 s). A retention test was given 48 h later. Immediately after the retention test, mice were given intra-dorsal hippocampus infusions of either choline (Ch, an α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) agonist, 0.08-1.30 μg/hippocampus), or methyllycaconitine (MLA, an α7nAChR antagonist, 1.0-30.0 μg/hippocampus). Memory retention was tested again 24 h later. Methyllycaconitine impaired retention performance regardless of footshock intensity and its effects were long lasting. Ch impaired retention performance only in those mice trained with a high footshock. On the contrary, Ch enhanced retention performance when mice were trained with a mild footshock. These effects were long lasting and dose- and time-dependent. Retention performance was not affected in drug-treated mice that were not subjected to memory reactivation, suggesting that the performance effects could not be attributable to non-specific effects of the drugs. Methyllycaconitine effects were dose-dependently reversed by choline, suggesting that MLA and Ch interact at the α7nAChR. Altogether, results suggest that hippocampal α7nAChRs play a critical role in reconsolidation of an IA response in mice, and may also have important implications for dynamic memory processes. This is the first presentation, to our knowledge, indicating that a specific receptor (α7nAChR) is able to modulate consolidated memories after retrieval. Copyright © 2010 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Neuroscience and referenced in Neurochemistry & Neuropharmacology

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