alexa Histamine-induced coronary spasm in regions of intimal thickening in miniature pigs: roles of serum cholesterol and spontaneous or induced intimal thickening.
Clinical Sciences

Clinical Sciences

Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Egashira KE, Yamamoto YU, Yamada A, Hayashi Y, Nakamura M

Abstract Share this page

The pathogenesis of histamine-induced coronary spasm was examined angiographically and morphometrically in Göttingen miniature pigs. In five of 36 consecutive pigs that were 4 to 5 months of age, coronary spasm was provoked by the intracoronary administration of histamine, and the left coronary arteries were examined histologically without endothelial denudation (group 1). Endothelial balloon denudation of the major branch of the left coronary artery was performed in 31 of 36 pigs and five died during the procedure. The remaining 26 pigs were randomly allotted to one of two groups, one fed a cholesterol-supplemented (group 2, n = 13) and one fed a regular low-cholesterol diet (group 3, n = 13). After 3 months, serum cholesterol increased significantly from 57 +/- 6 to 222 +/- 27 mg/dl (p less than .01) in group 2, but remained unchanged (48 +/- 5 to 55 +/- 6 mg/dl) in group 3. Percent narrowing of the coronary diameter induced by 10 micrograms/kg ic histamine after administration of the H2 blocker cimetidine (60 mg/kg iv) was 39 +/- 3% and 24 +/- 2% (p less than .05 between groups 2 and 3) at the nondenuded site and 78 +/- 3% and 74 +/- 4% at the denuded site in groups 2 and 3, respectively (p less than .01 between nondenuded and denuded sites). Histamine-induced percent narrowing of the coronary diameter after cimetidine in group 1, 2, and 3 pigs correlated well with the degree of intimal thickness on an exponential curve (r = .92, p less than .001). Since percent narrowing at the intact site was 27% (n = 19) in all three groups, predicted histamine-induced percent narrowing at the spastic site, applying the geometric theory, was 33 +/- 3%. Accordingly, enhanced constriction of the coronary artery with intimal thickening in response to histamine can largely be explained by the acquired hyperresponsiveness of the vascular wall to autacoids. This phenomena, not related to the level of serum cholesterol, may be uniquely linked to the basic pathology of evolution of atherosclerosis.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Circulation and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords