Author(s): Cerezuela R, Fumanal M, TapiaPaniagua ST, Meseguer J, Moriigo MA,
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Abstract The effects on histology and microbial ecology in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) intestine caused by dietary probiotic and microalgae were studied. Fish were fed non-supplemented (C, control) or supplemented diets with Tetraselmis chuii, Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Bacillus subtilis single or combined (diets T, P, B, BT and BP) for 4 weeks. Curiously, fish fed the experimental diets showed similar morphological alterations when studied by light and electron microscopy and significant signs of intestinal damage were detected. No effect of microalgae or B. subtilis on the intestinal absorptive area was observed, whereas the number of goblet cells and IELs were significantly lower in fish fed the T, P, B and BT diets and T, BT and BP diets, respectively. Interestingly, only the diets containing B. subtilis resulted in a significant reduction of microvilli height. Alterations such as wide intercellular spaces and large vacuoles in enterocytes were observed in fish fed T, B, BT, BT and P in lesser degrees. These observations demonstrate that fish fed experimental diets presented different signs of oedema and inflammation that could compromise their body homeostasis. Moreover, the experimental diets cause important alterations in the intestinal microbiota by a significant decrease in bacterial diversity, as demonstrated by the fall in specific richness, Shannon and range-weighted richness indices. To our knowledge, this is the first in vivo study regarding the implications of the use of probiotics in combination with immunostimulants on fish intestinal morphology and microbiota. More morphofunctional studies are needed in order to correlate the nutritional and immune aspects of fish gut.
This article was published in Cell Tissue Res
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development